I. Central
  • Brain abscess
  • Pontine gliomas
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Poliomyelitis
II. Intracranial part (Cerebellopontine angle)
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Congenital cholesteatoma
  • Meningioma
  • Meningitis
  • Metastatic carcinoma
III. Intratemporal part>/span>
      • Idiopathic – Bell palsy, Melkersson syndrome
      • Infections – Acute suppurative otitis media, Chronic suppurative otitis media, Malignant otitis externa, Herpes zoster oticus.
      • Trauma – Surgical: Mastoidectomy and Stapedotomy,
      • Accidental: Fractures of temporal bone  
      • Neoplasms – Malignancies of external and middle ear, Facial nerve neuroma, Glomus jugulare tumour, Metastasis to temporal bone (from cancer of breast, prostate, bronchus.)
IV. Extracranial part
  • Surgery of parotid
  • Malignancy of parotid
  • Accidental injury in parotid region
  • Neonatal facial injury (obstetrical forceps)
V. Systemic diseases
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Leprosy
  • Leukaemia
  • Demyelinating disease
  • Uraemia
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Wegener’s granulomatosis
  • Sarcoidosis (Heerfordt’s syndrome)
Specialist ENT Screenshot 2020 11 19 Ear final book document

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