Larynx

CHRONIC LARYNGITIS

Chronic laryngitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the larynx (voice box) which persists for more than three weeks.

HOARSENESS OF VOICE

Hoarseness is a symptom and not a disease. It is a general term that describes an abnormal voice. When hoarse, the voice may sound breathy,

VOCAL NODULES

Vocal nodules occur due to overtaxing and voice abuse. They are also called Singer’s or Screamer’s nodules

CAUSES OF VOCAL CORD PALSY

The vagus nerve arises from the lateral surface of the medulla. It gives rise to two main branches in the larynx namely...

LEFT VOCAL CORD PALSY

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve travels a similar course to the right except that it travels deep into the thorax.

JUVENILE LARYNGEAL PAPILLOMATOSIS

MacKenzie first described this condition 100 years ago. These papillomas affect not only the larynx

LARYNGOMALACIA

It is an excessive flaccidity of the supraglottic portion of the larynx and is the most common cause of congenital stridor.

LARYNGEAL OEDEMA

Oedema of the laryngeal mucosa can accompany any inflammatory reaction of the larynx and is therefore, not a specific disease but a sign

STRIDOR

Stridor is the noisy respiration due to obstruction of the air in and out of the lower respiratory tract. It is usually a symptom suggestiv....

DIRECT LARYNGOSCOPY

Direct laryngoscopy is a direct visualization of the different parts of the larynx and hypopharynx.

MICROLARYNGOSCOPY WITH INDICATIONS

Microlaryngoscopy is a procedure in which the larynx is visualized through a microscope.

LARYNGOCELE

These are air filled cystic swellings due to dilatation of the saccule lined by columnar ciliated epithelium.

CARCINOMA OF LARYNX

Carcinoma of the larynx is one of the most important and common malignancy of head and neck.

POST – LARYNGECTOMY SPEECH

The normal larynx produces an undifferentiated sound, which is moulded into intelligible speech by movements...

LARYNGOCELE

These are air filled cystic swellings due to dilatation of the saccule lined by columnar ciliated epithelium.

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