Nose

ANATOMY OF NASAL SEPTUM

The nasal septum divides the nasal cavity into two halves.

DEVIATED NASAL SEPTUM

It is the deviation of the nasal septum to one side of nasal cavity. Hence, the patient may have recurrent blockage of one nostril.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SMR AND SEPTOPLASTY

Entire cartilage except 2-3 mm strip at caudal end is removed.

COMPLICATIONS OF SUBMUCOUS RESECTION SURGERY

This occurs due the wearing off effect of adrenaline and usually occurs within the first 48 hours after surgery.

SEPTAL PERFORATION

Perforation of the nasal septum may occur due to various reasons.

CHRONIC MAXILLARY SINUSITIS

The maxillary sinuses are the most commonly affected sinuses because its ostium is at the higher level than the base of the sinus.

ANTRAL PUNCTURE

It is a procedure done both for diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis, where a canula is inserted into the maxillary sinus via an opening made in the inferior meatus.

ANTROCHOANAL POLYP

Antrochoanal nasal polyp is a prolapsed, pedunculated, painless, pearly white oedematous nasal mucosa, lining the maxillary sinus.

CALDWELL LUC SURGERY

It is a surgical opening made on the anterior wall of the maxilla via the canine fossa to visualize and remove disease from the maxillary sinus.

ALLERGIC RHINITIS

Allergic Rhinitis is an IgE mediated hypersensitivity disease of the nasal mucous membrane, characterized by sneezing, nasal blockage and nasal discharge.

ETHMOIDAL POLYPS

Ethmoidal polyps are multiple, bilateral, painless, pearly white, grape like masses arising from the ethmoidal air cells.

DIFFERENCIATE BETWEEN ANTROCHOANAL AND ETHMOIDAL POLYPS

Caldwell Luc surgery can be done for patient above 16 years and in case of recurrent Polyps apart from FESS.

FUNCTIONAL ENDOSCOPIC SINUS SURGERY (FESS)

Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) permits the direct...

ATROPHIC RHINITIS

Atrophic Rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory nasal disease characterized by progressive...

DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN ALLERGIC AND ATROPHIC RHINITIS

It is an IgE, mediated hypersensitivity disease of the nasal mucous membrane.

EPISTAXIS

Epistaxis is bleeding from the nose most commonly arising from the Little's area of the nose. It is reported back to 5th century BC (Hippocrates).

FOREIGN BODY NOSE

Foreign body in nose can present acutely, sub-acutely or many years later in adulthood.

RHINOLITH

When there is a long-standing foreign body in the nose it is surrounded by granulation tissue and it acts as a nucleus for concretion to occur.

RHINOSPORIDIOSIS

Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic fungal infection of the mucous membrane of the nose and nasopharynx but occasionally...

RHINOSCLEROMA

Rhinoscleroma is a progressive granulomatous disease of the nose, extending into the nasopharynx....

NASOPHARYNGEAL ANGIOFIBROMA

They are benign, very vascular and biologically aggressive tumors, originating almost...

WEGNER’S GRANULOMATOSIS

It is a systemic disease of unknown aetiology, causing necrotizing granuloma in the upper

POSTERIOR RHINOSCOPY

This is a procedure used to examine the posterior part of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx.

POSTERIOR NASAL PACKING

Posterior nasal packing is a procedure that is helpful in those cases of nasal bleeding where anterior...

NASAL BONE FRACTURE

Fracture of the nose is the commonest fracture in humans.

BELL'S PALSY

Bell's palsy is the most common type of peripheral, unilateral, infranuclear and idiopathic paralysis of the facial nerve.

OTOSCLEROSIS

Otosclerosis is a hereditary localized disease originating from the otic capsule in which mature lamellar bone is removed by osteoclasts...

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