Oral Cavity And Pharynx

WALDEYER’S RING

Waldeyer’s ring is a complete ring of subepithelial lymphoid tissue comprising of the palatine tonsils, adenoids, lingual tonsils, tubal tonsils...

TONSILLITIS

Infection of the tonsils is one of the most common pathology in the oral cavity. Depending on the time period and recurrence of the infection...

INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS OF TONSILLECTOMY

Chronic tonsillitis: Patients having recurrent attacks of acute tonsillitis of more than 4-6 attacks per year.

COMPLICATIONS OF TONSILLECTOMY AND MANAGEMENT

With advancement in the operative techniques and anesthesia, the complications of tonsillectomy are greatly minimized.

QUINSY

A peritonsillar abscess is collection of pus between the fibrous capsule of tonsil and the superior constrictor muscle of the pharynx.

LUDWIG’S ANGINA

Ludwig's angina is characterized by cellulitis of the floor of the mouth and the submandibular space secondary to soft tissue infection.

TONSILLOLITH

It is chronic tonsillitis that results in collection of calcareous or gritty particles in the center of caseous plugs filling the crypts of the tonsil.

TONSILLAR KERATOSIS

Tonsillar keratosis is characterized by appearance of multiple white projections from cryptal orifices of the tonsil, lymph follicles...

FAUCIAL DIPHTHERIA

Diphtheria is an infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheria, a gram-positive bacillus.

VINCENT’S ANGINA

It is an acute ulcerative type of tonsillitis and gingivitis. Vincent first described this disease and its organism.

LEUKOPLAKIA

White patch or plaque of squamous epithelium that cannot be characterized clinically or pathologically as any other disease.

RETROPHARYNGEAL ABSCESS

It is a condition that occurs due to infection and suppuration of the retropharyngeal lymph nodes in the retropharyngeal space.

THYROGLOSSAL CYST

It is regarded as Tubulodermoid arising from the persistent patent portion of the thyroglossal duct. It is the commonest midline swelling...

CAUSES OF CERVICAL LYMPHADENOPATHY

Malignancies, infections, autoimmune disorders, iatrogenic, and other miscellaneous...

BURKITT TUMOUR

Burkitt lymphoma is a form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in which cancer starts in immune cells called B-cells. Recognized as a fast growing human tumor...

CYSTIC HYGROMA

This is a congenital malformation affecting the lymphatic channel and arises from 'embryonic lakes' which are precursors of adult lymph channels.

BRANCHIAL CYST

Branchial cleft cysts are congenital anomalies arising from the 1st to 4th pharyngeal clefts. The most common type of branchial cleft...

RANULA

Ranula is a cystic swelling in the floor of the mouth. The term Ranula is derived from the Latin word Rana meaning frog belly. The cyst looks like belly of a frog.

DENTAL CYST

A dental cyst is a closed sac that can be made up of air, soft tissue, or fluid that forms next to or around teeth. If left untreated, dental cysts can cause severe...

COLD ABSCESS

Slowly progressing non-reacting (hence white and cold instead of hyperaemic and hot) and low tension (so painless) abscess resulting from caseation...

PAROTID TUMOURS

The Parotid gland is the salivary gland which is situated laterally near the mandible. Approximately 75% of neoplasms of salivary...

HASHIMOTO’S THYROIDITIS

Hashimoto's thyroiditis, also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States.

COLD ABSCESS

Slowly progressing non-reacting (hence white and cold instead of hyperaemic and hot) and low tension (so painless) abscess resulting from caseation...

PAROTID TUMOURS

The Parotid gland is the salivary gland which is situated laterally near the mandible. Approximately 75% of neoplasms of salivary...

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