FOREIGN BODY OESOPHAGUS
The oesophagus is a muscular tube. It connects your mouth to your stomach. When you swallow food, the walls of the oesophagus...
RIGID OESOPHAGOSCOPY, INDICATIONS AND COMPLICATIONS
Rigid oesophagoscopy is indicated to inspect and obtain biopsies from lesions within the oesophagus.
CAUSES OF DYSPHAGIA
Dysphagia means difficulty in swallowing. The term odynophagia is used for painful swallowing.
Failure of the lower oesophageal sphincter to relax resulting in dilatation and hypertrophy of oesophagus...