THROAT - Cervical Lymphadenopathy

What are the causes of cervical lymphadenopathy?

Acute causes of cervical lymphadenopathy:

  • Acute bacterial lymph node inflammation.
  • Acute lymphatic leukemia
  • Acute infectious mononucleosis – Epstein Barr Virus

Chronic causes of cervical lymphadenopathy:

I. Inflammatory

  1. Non specific chronic pyogenic lymphadenitis
  2. Specific
    • Tuberculosis
    • Syphilis
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Brucellosis
    • Fungal disease

II. Neoplastic:

  1. Primary Lymphoma
  2. Lymphosarcoma
  3. Reticulum cell sarcoma
  4. Chronic lymphatic leukemia.
  5. Burkitt's lymphoma.

III. Autoimmune:

  1. Systemic lupus erythromatosis.
  2. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Generalised causes of cervical lymphadenopathy:

  1. Inflammatory
    • Acute
      • Septicemia
      • Infectious Mononucleosis
    • Chronic
      • Tuberculosis
      • Syphilis
  2. Reticulosis
    1. Hodgkin's disease
    2. Lymphoarcoma.
    3. Lymphatic leukemia
  3. Sarcoidosis

Diagnosis of Lymph node swellings:

  1. Routine blood and X ray tests
  2. Fine Needle Aspitarion Ccytology
  3. Excion Biopsy of the swelling if required

Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Center
201, 2nd Floor, New Wing 12,
New Marine Lines
Mumbai - 400020
Contact Mob No: 07715050774

Juvekars Nursing Home
17/18, Shivsagar CHS
Opposite Akbarallys,
Off Sion Trombay Road
Chembur East, Mumbai -71
Tel: 022 25271140,
022 25271150

For any suggestions. Please mail at:

Topic on Noise Pollutions By Dr.Meenesh Juvekar ON AIR 93.5 Red FM With RJ Malishka

Topic on Coughing By Dr.Meenesh Juvekar ON AIR FM GOLD

Topic on Snoring Problems By Dr.Meenesh Juvekar ON AIR FM GOLD