DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN ALLERGIC AND ATROPHIC RHINITIS
It is an IgE, mediated hypersensitivity disease of the nasal mucous membrane.
It is a chronic inflammatory nasal disease, characterized by progressive atrophy of nasal mucosa and turbinates.
It can be seasonal or perennial.
It has 2 types:
Type I- Endarteritis and periarteritis.
Type II- Vasodilatation of capillaries.
Occurs more in cold environment.
Occurs in tropical countries.
Not related to nutrition especially Iron, Vit A deficiency.
Nutrition is an important factor.
Psychological stress known to precipitate allergy.
Not related to psychological factors.
Anterior and posterior rhinoscopy reveals, turbinate hypertrophy, congested mucosa and ethmoidal polyps may be present.
Anterior and posterior rhinoscopy reveals, greenish crusts, with roomy nostrils, foul smell and pale nasal mucosa.